Hyperparathyroidism is a medical condition that occurs when the parathyroid glands produce too much parathyroid hormone (PTH). These small glands, located in the neck, play a crucial role in regulating calcium levels in the body.
There are two types of hyperparathyroidism: primary and secondary. Primary hyperparathyroidism is usually caused by a benign tumor on one or more of the parathyroid glands. Secondary hyperparathyroidism, on the other hand, is often a result of an underlying condition, such as chronic kidney disease.
Signs and symptoms of hyperparathyroidism can vary from person to person. Some individuals may experience no symptoms at all, while others may have symptoms such as fatigue, weakness, bone pain, kidney stones, and frequent urination.
It is important to diagnose and treat hyperparathyroidism to prevent complications. Blood tests, imaging studies, and bone density tests are commonly used to diagnose the condition. The main treatment for primary hyperparathyroidism is surgery to remove the tumor. In secondary hyperparathyroidism, the underlying cause needs to be addressed.
Managing hyperparathyroidism involves a multidisciplinary approach. Endocrinologists, surgeons, and nephrologists work together to provide the best possible care for patients. Regular follow-up visits and monitoring of calcium levels are essential to ensure the effectiveness of treatment.